Welcome to the YoungWilliams Research & Case Law Library.  Use the filters below to select categories of interest to you.  Currently our Library consists of academic and government research articles and reports from around the country, federal opinions, and case law from states in which our full service child support projects are located: Colorado, Kansas, Mississippi, Nebraska, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Wyoming.  Sign up to receive updates by clicking the blue  box at the left of the page.

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Research & Case Law

Applying Human-Centered Design to Human Services: Pilot Study Findings

September 2022

Human-Centered Design (HCD) is way of developing solutions to service delivery challenges with the end-user in mind. The Administration for Children and Families recently studies the application of HCD principles to its human services programs. The Washington State Division of Child Support was one of three pilot sites. Washington wanted to apply HCD to improve its modification request process.

In re Parentage of C.R. (Kansas 2022)

September 2022

When faced with competing paternity presumptions, the court must decide which presumption is based on weightier considerations of policy and logic. This child had two potential legal fathers, P.R. and J.P. P.R. agreed to have his name on the child’s birth certificate, knowing that he wasn’t the child’s biological father. J.P. was the child’s biological father. An initial paternity order named P.R. the child’s legal father. Several years later, J.P. filed to intervene claiming he hadn’t received notice of the initial paternity action.

Marriage of DePumpo (Colorado 2022)

September 2022

Unrealized gains on an investment portfolio don’t meet the definition for child support income. However, equitable principles may apply. The definition of income includes income from rent. Depreciation can only be included if it is found to be an ordinary and necessary business expense, as defined in the child support statute. The parties filed for divorce. Specific to child support, the trial court calculated the mother’s income using her monthly salary and included an amount for unrealized monthly gains from an investment account. The trial court included depreciation expenses associated with rental properties in the father’s income. The mother appealed the final order, arguing the incomes were not correct.

Williams v. Williams (Kansas 2022)

September 2022

Parents have a proactive duty to disclose a material change in financial circumstances. If this change isn’t disclosed, sanctions may be imposed. In this case, the father filed to modify support based on a reduced income. In the process, it came to light the father failed to disclose a substantial increase in income for a three-year period. In its final order, the trial court modified support and imposed a sanction for the failure to disclosure the change in income. 

In the Matter of the Parentage of A.K. (Kansas 2022)

September 2022

When there are two competing presumptions of paternity, the court must determine which presumption if founded on the weightier consideration of policy and logic, including the best interests of the child. This child in this case has two possible legal parents, A.M., who was in a relationship with the child’s mother at the time of the child’s birth, and Q.K., a stepparent. A.M., by her actions, notoriously recognized parentage at the time of the child’s birth. Q.K. was a presumptive parent because he married the child’s mother and added his name to the child’s birth certificate as her father.

Grace v. Grace (Tennessee 2022)

September 2022

In January 2017, the parties registered a Kentucky decree of divorce in Tennessee. In 2020, the father asked to modify the visitation schedule, and the mother counter-petitioned to modify support. Specific to support, the trial court entered a judgment for arrears due under the Kentucky order from January 2014 – December 2016. It then modified support, effective January 2017. The trial court denied the mother’s request for pre and post judgment interest. The mother appealed the order’s child support provisions. The appellate four affirmed in part and reversed in part.

Parents’ Reflections on Their Experiences with the Child Support Program in the Procedural Justice-Informed Alternatives to Contempt Demonstration

August 2022

The federal Office of Child Support Enforcement funded the Procedural Justice-Informed Alternatives to Contempt (PJAC) grant to explore the use of the principles of procedural justice during enforcement with the intent of improving the regular receipt of child support payments. This brief compiles information received during interviews of parents who received PJAC-informed services and parents who received regular services. 

In re Jonathan S. (Tennessee 2022)

August 2022

A parent who requests a modification must prove a significant variance exists in the support obligation. When imputing income, the court must consider the statutory factors. The father requested a modification of child support. The trial court found the mother voluntarily underemployed and imputed income to her at the rate of her former job, which was in a different city. The mother appealed.

A Helping Hand over Heavy Hand: Child Support Enforcement in the Era of COVID-19

August 2022

The COVID-10 pandemic made enforcing child support orders, already difficult, even harder. This article explores the decisions made about how and when to enforce an order during the pandemic and the factors that influenced those decisions. The authors interviewed child support agency leadership, frontline workers, attorneys, and judges or family court administrators from five Wisconsin counties.

Berens v. Berens (North Carolina 2022)

August 2022

The prohibition again retroactive modifications of support only applies to past due support. This divorce proceeding, specifically the setting of child support, in this case was prolonged. The father filed to modify the child temporary support order, while the entry of the permanent order was on appeal. The appellate court affirmed the permanent child support order. In the latest appeal, the mother appealed the modification of the permanent order. The father filed to modify based on the emancipation of a child.